[Health Medicine Knows] Antibiotic knowledge: mold is actually a bacterial killer? Antibiotic side effects and contraindications

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   Although microorganisms are the transmission medium of germs, they are also one of the most important cornerstones of the progress of modern medicine. The discovery of antibiotics is related to molds. Pharmacist Gan Yiwen explained that in the past when infectious diseases were rampant, antibiotics were a major tool for public health, which not only prevented the continued spread of bacteria, but also reduced the mortality rate of human beings. Penicillin, also known as penicillin, was the first antibiotic to be discovered. It can inhibit the reproduction of bacteria by destroying the cell wall of bacteria. It is not only effective against diseases, but also plays an important role in warfare.

The discovery of penicillin was related to Sir Alexander Fleming, who noticed that mold in petri dishes caused the death of Staphylococcus aureus, so he started the study of killing bacteria with mold. Howard Walter Florey and German biochemist Sir Ernst Boris Chain jointly researched and proposed a method for separating and concentrating penicillin. The three won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945 for this, and also started the development of subsequent antibiotics.

At the time of World War II, soldiers from various countries were often at risk of wound infection and death from complications. The United States and the United Kingdom began to manufacture penicillin in large quantities to solve the problem of soldiers' wound infection and death. It is generally believed that the victory of the Allies in World War II was not only due to factors such as weapons, equipment, and strategy, but also the invention of penicillin.

Although antibiotics are powerful tools for fighting bacteria and diseases, the risk of possible drug resistance and side effects still exists. Gan Yiwen pointed out that antibiotics are medicines that require a doctor's prescription. During taking antibiotics, you must remember not to stop taking the medicine by yourself. Generally, doctors will prescribe a course of treatment for 7 to 14 days according to symptoms. It must be taken completely to achieve the therapeutic effect. If you notice that your symptoms have improved, you should not stop the drug on your own.

Gan Yiwen explained that common side effects of antibiotics include gastrointestinal discomfort and skin rash. Whether it is a side effect of the antibiotic itself, or an allergy to antibiotics, it is necessary to communicate with the doctor as soon as possible whether to change the medicine, and do not stop the medicine easily. Although bacteria will die under the action of antibiotics, some bacteria are particularly tenacious and will mutate when encountering antibiotics. In addition, antibiotics should not be taken together with tea, coffee, juice, and milk to avoid interactions.


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